Different colors and varnishes are suitable for the interior walls, floors, exterior facades as well as windows and doors of your house. Here you can read how they differ and how to make the right selection for your project.
Colors for walls and ceilings
To paint walls and ceilings indoors, you use dispersion paints. These are viscous coatings consisting of a mixture of pigments, binders, fillers and additives as well as water. Manufacturers use natural or synthetic resins as binders in wall paints, in most cases acrylic resins. These interior colors can be diluted with water, but are still mostly smudge-resistant.
Wall paints adhere well to substrates such as masonry, concrete and plaster as well as wallpaper. In addition, the paints are easy to paint. Dispersion paints for interior painting of walls and ceilings are available in white or colorful shades. If you want to set your own color accents, you can use tonal colors and color white colors according to your own wishes and thus produce each shade yourself.
Colors for stressed surfaces and wet spaces
So-called latex paints or straining paints are used indoors, especially for heavily stressed wall surfaces, for example in the hallway or stairwell. However, these colors today usually no longer contain a natural latex, but also belong to the dispersion colors. However, their synthetic resin binders have properties of the real latex colors: they are water-repellent, resistant to abrasion and abrasion and very durable.
In humid environments such as bathrooms or kitchens prefer to use wet room paints. The high synthetic resin content ensures the water-repellent properties. In addition, these special paints contain fungicides and thus protect the paint from mold infestation and stick stains. You can dilute wet room paints for processing with water and wash it off after drying out. Most of the time, the colors are also abrasion-resistant.
Paints and varnishes for floors
When it comes to colors for floors, resilience is paramount. There is a variety of floor coatings for floors. Paint wooden floors with a durable colored lacquer such as a PU acrylic lacquer reinforced with polyurethane. To protect your wooden floor, grab a stair or parquet lacquer depending on the material.
Floor paints for mineral substrates such as concrete or plaster are particularly durable, shock- and impact-resistant and resistant to household cleaning agents. Most of the time, these are also water-diluted synthetic resin or synthetic resin acrylic dispersions. In addition, solvent-based paints are also available, for example, for cement floors, which additionally protect the substrate from moisture and improve the cleaning ability.
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Colors for doors, windows, radiators and railings
For doors, windows and similar surfaces that you want to paint block-proof, there are special, high-strength window and door lacquers. These are usually water-diluted acrylic white lacquers, which can usually be toned off with colored lacquers.
If you use so-called 2-in-1 coatings, you save yourself work effort, because these products already contain primer and finishing paint for painting.
You also get specialized paints for radiators, which are particularly temperature resistant. Depending on the type, radiator coatings tolerate temperatures of up to 180 °C, are resistant to discoloration and low in odor.
Outdoor stair or balcony railings require a weather-resistant coating. For wooden railings, first use a low-solvent primer and then paint with a weather protection paint. Steel railings are used with two layers of rust protection primer and two layers of paint or metal protection varnish for outdoor use.